Salty chips. Candy bars. Full-calorie sodas… not with stricter school lunch rules from the USDA.
Don’t expect to find any of this in schools anymore — not in hot lunches, not in vending machines, not even in high school snack bars.
Schools across the nation are preparing to work with stricter standards for nutrition from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, as part of a nationwide campaign championed by first lady Michelle Obama to eliminate empty calories. The new standards took effect Tuesday for all schools that participate in the National School Lunch Program and will build off previously implemented standards that limited serving sizes and restricted what food was healthy enough for the program.
What can students expect to find? Wheat bread, low-calorie drinks, meals with limited sugar, fat and salt.
Some district officials are saying they’re all for healthy food, but they have to sell enough hot lunches to break even on their program — and that won’t work if the kids shun the food. They also are a little prickly about federal officials telling them what to do.
“We believe that proper food nutrition and meal portion guidelines are best decided at a local level,” said Rick Petfalski, School Board president for the Muskego-Norway School District.
Opting out of the program means Muskego-Norway will no longer receive federal money for its meals, but it also means the district is free to serve whatever it wants.
Already losing money because fewer kids were buying the meals, the district will now have to cover the cost of free and reduced lunches on its own. It will do this partly by spending less on foods that students don’t eat and — they believe — increasing the number of kids buying lunches by providing tastier meals.
Under the school lunch program regulations, Petfalski said, the district’s food service was projected to be headed toward a $54,000 deficit. By opting out — and presumably selling more food — he expects about a $7,100 surplus.
“By leaving the program we will not be required to follow these onerous guidelines, pushed by and large by Michelle Obama, who last I checked has been elected by no one,” Petfalski said.
Muskego-Norway is not alone. The Waterford Graded School District and Waterford Union High School, which operate as two separate districts, and the Central High School District of Westosha also decided to leave the lunch program this spring.
For Waterford Graded, the decision was more than just financial. About 20% of students are eligible for free or reduced-price lunches, with lunches costing about $2.50 each. The district’s superintendent, Christopher Joch, said it will have to absorb about $21,000 in costs to cover its loss of federal funds, and will be raising its paid lunch fees by a dime.
But Joch said the decision was strongly supported by parents and means there should be less food thrown away.
“There was a lot of waste,” he said. “The food ended up in the garbage instead of the kids’ mouths.”
The Central High School School Board decided to opt out to avoid operating at a projected $80,000 in the red. The district’s administrator, Scott Pierce, said he is confident that the school will be able to totally make up lost federal funds through a private vendor called Taher Food Service.
“We’re not trying to fatten up our kids,” Pierce said. “We’re trying to give them food they like.”
The new rules
More than 30 million children in about 100,000 schools and child care centers participate in the national lunch program. More than 21 million receive free or reduced-price lunches. Schools are reimbursed up to $2.93 for each free lunch they provide under the program, according to the lunch program website.
The attempt to use school lunches as a tool for improving the health of children is the result of widespread alarm among health professionals over obesity in the United States — particularly among young people, who often are forming lifelong eating habits.
The latest round of regulations includes:
- Requiring all bread and pasta products to be at least 50% whole-grain-rich by weight (the USDA rolled this back from 100% whole grain-rich in response to heavy criticism from schools in May).
- Requiring all foods to have fruits, vegetables, dairy or protein products as their first listed ingredient.
- Placing strict nutrient limits for entrées: Calories must be less than 200 and sodium less than 230 milligrams. Just for comparison, a typical order of four chicken nuggets would barely make it on calories but have way too much sodium to qualify.
- Placing strict nutrient limits for snacks: Calories must be less than 350 and sodium less than 480 milligrams.
- Eliminating trans fat and requiring that saturated or unsaturated fat be less than 35% of total calories.
- Mandating that sugar be less than 35% of the weight for all foods. That would knock out raisins, for example.
- Limiting all beverages to plain water, low-fat or fat-free milk, 100% fruit or vegetable juices, and low- or zero calorie alternatives.
- Allowing only two fundraisers per club each year at schools to sell foods that are exempted from the USDA regulations. The USDA allowed this rule to be developed by each state, so this specific regulation was issued by the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction.
Gallery: Schools adjust to new lunch rules
Schools face stricter nutrition standards championed by Michelle Obama, but some say they’re pointless if kids shun the food.
By Robert Gebelhoff of the Journal Sentinel